Courbet, Gustave

   painter, lithographer
   Born in ornans, the son of farmers, Gustave Courbet in 1840 went to Paris to study art. A most influential and prolific painter, he spent much of his time copying masterpieces in the louvre and was strongly influenced by Théodore géricault and eugène delacroix. A founder, along with honoré daumier and jean-françois millet, of the school of realism, Courbet reflected the romantic influence in his early works. These include an Odalisque (1840), Walpurgis Night (1841), and self-portraits (Self-portrait with a Black Dog, 1842; The Lovers in the Country, 1844; The Wounded Man, 1844), in which he often presented himself in the style of a Byronic hero. He journeyed to Holland and England and, under the influence of socialist ideas, developed a popular and democratic conception of art. After the revolution of 1848, he became a friend of pierre-joseph proudhon and charles baudelaire, and an ardent champion of realism, trying in his work to reflect social realities. In this genre, he painted After Dinner at Ornans (1849); The Stonebreakers (1849); and the enormous A Burial at Ornans (1850). These are polemical works, evoking the daily realities of the people. Courbet also defied convention in another huge painting, The Artist's Studio (1855), which, he explained, was a true allegory of his life. He painted other controversial works, including The Bathers (1853), that was criticized because Courbet tried to liberate the nude form from the idealistic conventions of the age. From 1869 to 1870, he traveled and painted in Normandy with the American painter James Mc Neill Whistler (The Wave, 1869; The Cliff at Étretat after the Storm, 1870) then returned to Paris to give his support to the commune. Placed in charge of the city's art museums by the revolutionary government, Courbet was responsible for saving the city's treasures from looting by the mob. After the fall of the Commune, however, he was accused of allowing the destruction of the triumphal column dedicated to napoléon i in the place Vendôme and, as a result, was imprisoned and ordered to pay for its reconstruction. He fled to Vevey, Switzerland, where he continued to paint until his death.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Courbet, Gustave — born June 10, 1819, Ornans, France died Dec. 31, 1877, La Tour de Peilz, Switz. French painter. In 1839 he went to Paris, where, after receiving some formal training, he learned by copying Old Masters in the Louvre. His early works were… …   Universalium

  • Courbet, Gustave — (6/10/1819 Ornans 12/31/1877 La Tour de Peilz) (France)    Painter, graphic artist, art theorist, politician, and philosopher. Most significant of the Realist school of the mid 19th century. Studied with Pere Baud at the Petit Seminaire, then… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Courbet,Gustave — Cour·bet (ko͞or bāʹ, bĕʹ), Gustave. 1819 1877. French painter known for his realistic depiction of everyday scenes. His works include Burial at Ornans (1850), Bonjour M. Courbet (1854), and The Artist s Studio (1855). * * * …   Universalium

  • Courbet, Gustave — ► (1819 77) Pintor y escultor francés. En una primera etapa recibió la influencia del romanticismo: sus cuadros más representativos son Los felices amantes(1844) y El hombre de la pipa(1846). Evolucionó posteriormente hacia el realismo. Entre sus …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • COURBET, GUSTAVE —    French painter, born at Ornans; took to landscape painting; was head of the Realistic school; joined the Commune in 1871; his property and pictures were sold to pay the damage done, and especially to restore the Vendôme Column; died an exile… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Courbet — Courbet, Gustave …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustave gourbet — Gustave Courbet Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gustave et Courbet. Gustave Courbet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustave Courbet — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • courbet — (Gustave) (1819 1877) peintre français. Son réalisme fit scandale. Membre de la Commune, accusé d avoir fait renverser la colonne Vendôme (1871), à Paris, il dut la reconstruire à ses frais; libéré de prison, il se réfugia en Suisse. OEuvres… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gustave Courbet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Courbet. Gustave Courbet Gustave Courbet photographié par Nadar …   Wikipédia en Français

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